ALL WORKS OF ART DISPLAYED ON THIS SITE
A copyright is the right of an artist to prevent
others from copying his creative work. Copyright protects the
form in which a creative idea is expressed. The owner of
copyright has the exclusive right to do and to authorize others
to do each of the following: reproduce the work by any means,
including paper copies, electronic copies, or otherwise; prepare
derivative works based on the original creative work; control
distribution of copies of the work to the public.
All of the artwork seen
on this site is protected by United States and international
copyright laws. All rights are reserved by the artist.
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN
You cannot download,
forward, save, retrieve, store or do anything else with the
artwork displayed on this site, except look at it. If you want a
copy of a work, you can order prints and/or products from this
site or from another distributor or retailer.
All materials on this
site and linked sites are copyrighted intellectual properties.
Violators will be prosecuted to the extent of the law. Snagging,
stealing, right-clicking, downloading and otherwise taking
images from this site for any use whatsoever is strictly
WHAT IS THE PENALTY
FOR COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT?
The owner of a registered
copyright can enforce his rights by bringing a civil lawsuit in
Federal District Court. In addition, the Federal government
itself can act. Criminal actions can be brought by the U.S.
Attorney; and Customs and Postal officials may seize and impound
infringing articles that are being imported. Recovery of
attorneys' fees is possible if the suit is successful. The
penalties for infringement can be substantial. In civil actions
brought by the copyright owner, the court may order forfeiture
and/or destruction not only of all infringing articles, but also
of any implements used to manufacture the infringing articles.
The court may even order seizure and impoundment of such
articles prior to trial, and in some cases, without prior notice
to the alleged infringer. In addition to obtaining an order
stopping the infringement and ordering destruction of infringing
articles, the court can order payment of any provable damages,
including lost profits. The copyright owner can elect to receive
"statutory damages". The minimum amount of statutory damages
that can be awarded for copyright infringement is $500; and the
maximum is $20,000. If the infringement was willful, the
potential statutory damage award is increased to $100,000 for
each act of infringement. In addition, attorneys' fees may be
awarded. In addition to civil penalties, copyright infringers
can be prosecuted under the federal criminal laws. All willful
copyright infringement is a criminal offense. The lowest penalty
is conviction of a federal misdemeanor, with a prison sentence
of up to one year and a fine of up to $5000. More serious
penalties are levied against infringers who make multiple copies
of a work, or who copy expensive works. It is a felony,
punishable by up to five years in prison and a fine of up to
$250,000 to willfully infringe copyrights of others by making,
during a 180-day period, ten or more copies of a work which have
a cumulative value of $2500 or more. Second and subsequent
offenses carry a prison term of up to ten years in addition to
the fine. Companies which willfully infringe can be assessed up
to $500,000 in fines.